Solomon Islands Geography The information below contains geography information for Solomon Islands, including climate, weather, cities, and area information. You can also check out the Solomon Islands Country Page for additional resources. Solomon Islands People Solomon Islands Government Solomon Islands Economy Solomon Islands History Geography
Area: Land 27,556 sq. km. (11,599 sq. mi.). Archipelago725,197 sq. km. (280,000 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital Honiara (on the island of Guadalcanal), pop. 30,000. Other towns Gizo, Auki, Kirakira.
Terrain: Mountainous islands.
Climate: Tropical monsoon.
Geography of the Solomon Islands
The Solomon Islands form an archipelago in the Southwest Pacific about 1,900 kilometers (1,200 mi.) northeast of Australia. With terrain ranging from ruggedly mountainous islands to low-lying coral atolls, the Solomons stretch in a 1,450-kilometer (900 mi.) chain southeast from Papua New Guinea across the Coral Sea to Vanuatu. The main islands of Choiseul, New Georgia, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, Malaita, and Makira have rainforested mountain ranges of mainly volcanic origin, deep narrow valleys, and coastal belts lined with coconut palms and ringed by reefs. The smaller islands are atolls and raised coral reefs, often spectacularly beautiful. The Solomon Islands region is geologically active, and earth tremors are frequent.