Vanuatu Geography The information below contains geography information for Vanuatu, including climate, weather, cities, and area information. You can also check out the Vanuatu Country Page for additional resources. Vanuatu People Vanuatu Government Vanuatu Economy Vanuatu History Geography
Area: Land 12,200 sq. km. (4,707 sq. mi.), includes more than 80 Islands. Comparative areaabout the size of Connecticut.
Cities: Capital Port Vila (on the island of Efate), pop. 30,000. Other towns Luganville (on the island of Espiritu Santo, also known as Santo).
Terrain: Mostly mountains of volcanic origin, narrow coastal plains.
Geography of Vanuatu
Vanuatu is a 'Y' shaped archipelago that comprises 80 islands. It is located 2,172 kilometers (1,303 mi.) northeast of Sydney and 5,750 kilometers (3,450 mi.) southwest of Honolulu. Fiji lies to the east, New Caledonia to the south, and the Solomon Islands to the northwest, all within the area of the South Pacific called Melanesia. The two largest islands, Espiritu Santo (or Santo) and Malakula, account for nearly one-half of the total land area. They are volcanic, with sharp mountain peaks, plateaus, and lowlands. The last volcanic eruption was in 1945. The larger islands of the remaining half also are volcanic but are overlaid with limestone formations; the smaller ones are coral and limestone. Rainfall averages about 2,360 millimeters (94 in.) per year but can be as high as 4,000 millimeters (160 in.) in the northern islands.